Femoroacetabular Impingement:

Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a motion related condition of the hip that involves premature contact between the head of the femur (thigh bone) and the acetabulum (socket of the pelvis). As shown in the image. 

The reason why people suffer from FAI is due to the abnormal contact between the femoral head of the thigh bone and the socket of the pelvis. These are characterised by a Cam or Pincher lesion. As per the images below, a cam lesion occurs when there is excess growth of the femoral head of the thigh bone, and a pincher lesion occurs when there is excess growth of the acetabulum or socket of the pelvis. There is also a possibility to have both a cam and pincher lesion which is called mixed FAI.

FAI is associated with symptoms that include pain with prolonged sitting, impingement positions such as having your hips bent (such as sitting in a car) and crossing your legs as well as using stairs. Furthermore, athletes may experience pain with impact sports, change of direction and kicking. 

Physiotherapists can help with the management of FAI through education around avoiding provocative movements and pain relief. Furthermore, we can prescribe certain exercises to help with strengthening the muscles around the hip. 

If you are experiencing what you think may be FAI or any other hip pain for that matter, feel free to reach out to us to have a conversation and a comprehensive assessment and management plan arranged.