Ankle Sprains

The ankle is an area of the body that is commonly injured, particularly in sporting activities. 

The ankle is made up of the tibia (shin bone), fibula and the talus. These are all pictured below and show the way in which these three bones make up the ankle joint.

The ankle sprains typically occur from misstepping or rolling your ankle whilst walking, running or playing sports. The structures that are commonly injured during this are the ligaments that help support the ankle joint. As seen in the image below, the ligaments on the inside of the ankle (medial view) are known as the deltoid ligament; this ligament is very strong and isn’t injured as often. The ligaments on the lateral aspect of the foot are more prone to injury with a rolled ankle, particularly the anterior talofibular ligament as well as the calcaneofibular ligament, as shown below.

Health professionals will use classification for lateral ankle sprains when examining an ankle sprain. Depending on the severity of the ankle sprain and the structures involved, this causes variation in recovery and return to sport timeframes.

Physiotherapy can help decrease your pain, improve your strength and get you back to sport as soon as possible.


Strategies to help with decreasing swelling. During the early phases of an ankle sprain, it is important to use ice, compression and elevation to limit swelling. 

  • Once comfortable, begin strength exercises to help improve the strength of the muscles around the ankle joint and up the kinetic chain.
  • Balance exercises.
  • Return to running programs and returning to training and sport, which can include acceleration/deceleration work, plyometric work and sports-specific drills. 

If you believe you have suffered an ankle injury, feel free to get in touch with us at Your Health Physio for a thorough assessment and individualised treatment plan.